Intel has been making SSD’s for more than ten years now, but the average consumer is probably only familiar with them from the more recent Optane based drives. On the Enterprise side of the world, Intel is regarded as the defacto standard for reliability and performance. Some of this has spilled over into the prosumer world a few years back with the Intel 750 series drives. Today we’ll be looking at Intel’s SSD DC P4510 series drive. Designed for the rapidly growing and evolving cloud architecture, the P4510 series provides higher capacity, low latency and scalable performance for continued innovation.
ProClockers would like to thank Intel for sending us the SSD DC P4510 series drive to check out!
Intel’s take on the SSD DC P4510 series SSD:
Built from the success of its cloud-inspired predecessor – the Intel® SSD DC P4500 Series – and architected with 64-layer, TLC, Intel® 3D NAND technology, the Intel® SSD DC P4510 Series delivers performance, Quality of Service (QoS), and capacity improvements to further optimize storage efficiency, enabling data centers to do more per server, minimize service disruptions, and efficiently manage at scale.
Built on NVMe* specification 1.2, these PCIe* SSDs are available in 1TB, 2TB, 4TB, and 8TB in the U.2 2.5” (15mm) form factor.
Features & Specifications
An SSD Built for Cloud Storage Architectures
Multi-cloud has become a core element for any enterprise strategy, and top cloud providers have responded by openly embracing PCIe/NVMe-based SSDs with scalable performance, low latency, and continued innovation.
As software-defined and converged infrastructures are swiftly adopted, the need increases to maximize efficiency, revitalize existing hardware, deploy new workloads, and yet reduce operational expenditures.
The Intel SSD DC P4510 Series meets these requirements. It significantly increases server agility and utilization and accelerates applications across a wide range of cloud workloads.
Do More per Server
Intel’s 64-layer, TLC, 3D NAND technology enables the DC P4510 to double the capacity available compared to its immediate predecessor, the Intel SSD DC P4500. This increased density is the key to supporting broader workloads, allowing cloud service providers to increase users and improve data service levels. Better QoS is ensured with an intelligent firmware algorithm that keeps host and background data read/write at an optimum balance. With the DC P4510, host applications will not only have access to double the capacity, but will also be serviced at up to 80% faster write rate1, up to 2x better random write IOPS/TB2, and up to 10x reduction of service time (compared to the DC P4500) at a QoS metric of 99.99% availability for random access workload. With this level of workload ability and agility, data centers can refresh existing hardware and reduce operational expenditures.
Minimize Service Disruptions
To ensure telemetry information without disrupting ongoing I/Os, the DC P4510 includes enhanced SMART monitoring of drive health and status, using an in-band mechanism and out-of-band access. A power loss imminent (PLI) protection scheme with built-in self-test guards against data loss if system power is suddenly cut.
Coupled with our industry-leading end-to-end data path protection scheme, PLI features enable ease of deployment into resilient data centers where data corruption from system-level glitches is not tolerated. The DC P4510 combines firmware enhancements with new 3D NAND features to prioritize host workload and ensure better service levels. The result: 6x workload support at a given service level response time.
Efficiently Manage at Scale
To help data centers make the most of increased SSD capacity per server, dynamic namespace management delivers the flexibility to enable more users and scale deployment. The DC P4510 also provides security features like TCG Opal* 2.0 and built-in AES-XTS 256-bit encryption engine, required by some secure platforms. With the capability to manage multiple firmware versions on a drive and to support updates without a reset, the DC P4510 improves integration and increases the ease and efficiency of deploying at scale.
Choose the DC P4510 for Data Center Storage
With the increased density of Intel 64-layer 3D NAND and enhanced firmware features, the DC P4510 is built to handle read-intensive workloads and beyond. The DC P4510 creates greater Quality of Service, bandwidth, and performance to lead data centers through their evolving transformation.
Product Collection – Intel® SSD DC P4510 Series
Code Name – Products formerly Cliffdale Refresh
Capacity – 2 TB
Status – Launched
Launch Date – 03’17
Lithography Type – 64-Layer 3D TLC NAND
Recommended Customer Price – N/A
Sequential Read (up to) – 3200 MB/s
Sequential Write (up to) – 2000 MB/s
Random Read (100% Span) – 637000 IOPS
Random Write (100% Span) – 81500 IOPS
Latency – Read – 77 µs
Latency – Write – 18 µs
Power – Active – 12
Power – Idle – 5
Vibration – Operating – 2.17 GRMS (5-700MHz)
Vibration – Non-Operating – 3.13 GRMS (5-800MHz)
Shock (Operating and Non-Operating) – 1000G (0.5ms)
Operating Temperature Range – 0°C to 70°C
Endurance Rating (Lifetime Writes) – 2.61 PBW
Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) – 2 million hours
Uncorrectable Bit Error Rate (UBER) – 1E-17
Warranty Period – 5 yrs
Weight – 139g
Form Factor – 2.5″ 15mm
Interface – PCIe NVMe 3.0 x4
Enhanced Power Loss Data Protection – Yes
Hardware Encryption – AES 256 bit
Temperature Monitoring and Logging – Yes
End-to-End Data Protection – Yes
A Closer Look
Being an enterprise-targeted product, there isn’t much to show packaging wise, so we’ll skip to the drive. The drive is covered in a white label with the Intel logo taking up a big part of one color. The model and capacity are readily available on the top edge, but there is a ton more information on the label.
When the drive is slotted into a server sled and in operation, you can only see the opposite end from the connectors so Intel places a label on this end as well.
The bottom of the drive’s cast aluminum casing is molded into a large heatsink with crossed channels to take advantage of server airflow in most orientations.
The business end of the drive features a standard U.2 SFF-8639 connector for a full PCIe x4 connection.
Intel SSD Toolbox
The Intel® Solid State Drive Toolbox (Intel® SSD Toolbox) is drive management software that allows you to:
- View current drive information for Intel® Solid State Drives (Intel® SSDs), including:
- Model number, capacity, and firmware version
- Drive health
- Estimated drive life remaining
- SMART attributes (also available for hard disk drives and non-Intel SSDs)
- Identify Device information (also available for hard disk drives and non-Intel SSDs)
- Optimize Intel SSD performance using Trim functionality and Performance Boost feature.
Intel’s Solid-State Toolbox has been around for a long time now, and nothing has really changed. You start out on a landing page that shows all drives in the system and typically it will show the Intel drive first by default.
The Quick Diagnostic scan uses a 5GB sized chunk of free space and reads and write to the drive to make sure everything related is working correctly.
Full Diagnostic checks every bit of space in the drive for errors and writes and verifies data across all free space to do everything possible to verify the drive is fully functional.
If you are done with the drive and plan to get rid of it, or just want to erase it, the Secure Erase will make all deleted data permanently inaccessible, even to advanced data recovery tools.
Information about your system and drivers, as well as SMART data about the drive itself is readily available.
Firmware updates can’t be applied from here, Intel has a specific command line tool for Enterprise drives but the SSD Toolbox will notify you if a new firmware is available.
Testing & Performance
CPU: Intel Core i7-8700K
Motherboard: ASUS ROG Strix Z390-E Gaming
RAM: 16GB G.Skill TridentZ RGB 3200Mhz
GPU: Nvidia RTX 2080 FE
Drive: Intel SSD DC P4510 series 2.0TB
OS: Windows 10 Professional X64
Initialized as GPT and formatted as NTFS in windows, we get a useable space of 1.81TB.
A HDD/SSD utility software which supports a part of USB, Intel RAID and NVMe.
We generally leave CrystalDiskInfo up while testing to watch the temperature. After running a few benchmarks totaling 360GB of writes, we noticed the Health status dropped from 100% to 99%. Intel states this drive has a lifetime endurance of 2.61PBW. This works out to roughly 26TB or writes for each percent. This is not something we normally see, even after tens of Terabytes of writes on consumer-oriented drives. Intel’s own SSD Toolbox diagnostics don’t show any issues, so we’ll keep an eye on it.
ATTO Disk Benchmark
“As the industry’s leading provider of high-performance storage & network connectivity products, ATTO has created a widely-accepted Disk Benchmark freeware utility to help measure storage system performance. As one of the top tools utilized in the industry, Disk Benchmark identifies performance in hard drives, solid state drives, RAID arrays as well as connections to storage. Top drive manufacturers, like Hitachi, build and test every drive using the ATTO Disk Benchmark”
Atto shows nearly the rated 3200/2000MB/s speeds overall. Write speeds ramp up to full tilt right out of the gate at only the 32KB block size. Read speeds level out around 4MB block size. We’re not sure why the speeds tank at the 48 and 64MB block size.
“CrystalDiskMark is designed to quickly test the performance of your hard drives. Currently, the program allows measuring sequential and random read/write speeds.”
CrystalDiskMark nails the rated speeds almost to the Megabyte on sequential, and shows really strong 4K write performance.
Anvil’s Storage Utilities
Anvil’s Storage Utilities is a powerful tool that was designed in order to provide you with a simple means of assessing the read and write performance of your Solid State Drive or Hard Disk Drive.
The benchmark tool helps you monitor and check the response time of your unit as well as view the system information collected using Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI).
Anvil’s comes in just a hair light on the sequential reads but scores really well on writes and most of the random read tests.
The AS SSD benchmark determines the performance of Solid State Drives (SSD). The tool contains six synthetic and three copy tests.
The synthetic tests determine the sequential and random read and write performance of the SSD. These tests are carried out without using the operating system cache. In Seq-test the program measures how long it takes to read a 1 GB file to write respectively. 4K test the read and write performance is determined at random 4K blocks. The 4K-64 corresponds to the test Third 4K procedure except that the read and write operations are distributed to 64 threads. This test should SSDs pose with Native Command Queuing (NCQ), differences between the IDE operation mode where NCQ is not supported, and the AHCI mode. The additional compression test can measure the power of the SSD in response to the compressibility of the data. This is especially for the controllers that use to increase the performance and life of the cell compression, important.
In the first three synthetic tests and the compression test, the size of the test file 1 GB. Finally, the access time of the SSD is calculated, wherein the access to read over the entire capacity of the SSD (Full Stroke) is determined. The write access test, however, is done with a 1 GB big test file.
AS SSD usually comes in a bit lower on sequential speeds than rated but these are actually pretty close. Access times are nice and snappy and 4K random speeds are right on point.
The copy tests move along quite quickly.
Read tests hum along at around 2800MB/s and stay nice and level. Writes are a little less level with one small dip about halfway through the test but don’t really exhibit any cache cycling.
AIDA64 Engineer Edition
“FinalWire Ltd. today announced the immediate availability of AIDA64 Extreme Edition 1.50 software, a streamlined diagnostic and benchmarking tool for home users; and the immediate availability of AIDA64 Business Edition 1.50 software, an essential network management solution for small and medium scale enterprises. The new AIDA64 update implements AVX-optimized benchmarks for the upcoming Intel Sandy Bridge processors, adds a brand new video encoding benchmark, and supports the latest AMD and NVIDIA graphics processors.”
The linear and random read tests are all pretty consistent with the exception of the beginning linear read segment that comes in a touch slower.
AIDA’s linear write test holds pretty steadily across the entire drive capacity write at the 2GB/s mark.
The random write test bobbles around a bit but still averages over 1.5GB/s
Final Thoughts & Conclusion
There is a reason that Intel sets the standard in the enterprise flash storage world and the SSD DC P4510 series drives are another prime example of why. Performance is predictable and reliable and those are the most desirable traits in an enterprise setting. The consumer street price of right around $800 for the 2TB model is probably a bit more than a volume enterprise customer would pay per drive but still represents great value. It’s only a bit more expensive per capacity than high-performance consumer-oriented drives, but you gain features like onboard power loss protection and Intel’s bullet-proof reliability that would appeal to Enthusiasts and professionals.
Great Job Intel!
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